Clean Coal in America

Coal is the biggest resource used to generate energy in America and is currently responsible for 39% of electricity in the nation. Though coal is often the cheapest option for generating electricity, there are several problems attributed to the process of burning it, specifically environmental and health effects. These effects are undeniable, leading many within the coal industry to seek an alternative method to burning coal that will result in a lessened impact on human health and the environment. Many have suggested that clean coal is the future of energy in the United States; however, this opinion is not without contention. After an examination of the key background issues and an analysis of the major factors, this essay asserts that clean coal is not a viable option for the United States because it is inefficient, ineffective, precarious, and costly. Once this is established, a set of recommendations will be given.

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Conflict Management Techniques for the War in Iraq

The War in Iraq was undoubtedly one of the most publicized wars of all time, and because of the impact of modern media, it has also proven to be one of the most heavily scrutinized global conflicts. Due to the criticism surrounding the tactics used in this war, it is fair to question if other options would have provided better results. This essay answers the following question: what are three key conflict management techniques for dealing with the War in Iraq, and of these three techniques, which is the most important for solving the conflict? This paper asserts that the key conflict management techniques that are applicable to the War in Iraq are military intervention, bilateral diplomacy between the United States and Iraq, and UN diplomacy, and of these three, UN diplomacy would be the most effective technique.

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The War on Drugs: An American Policy Failure

This essay focuses on the war on drugs in the context of public administration and policy-making. It seeks to answer the question: “If the war on drugs is a failed policy, what prevents this policy from being properly evaluated and, possibly, radically amended?” In the United States, the ongoing war on drugs can indeed be a viewed as a failed political policy. This paper asserts that the war on drugs has intangible goals and serves ulterior motives, many of which are not even related to drugs. This is shown through a demographic analysis of policy-makers in the United States, the ongoing financial commitment made by American officials to fund this war, and the over-politicization of drug policies by America in foreign countries, specifically in Colombia. For US drug policies to be properly evaluated and radically changed, the authorities must address and rectify various issues first.

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The Social Contract vs. The Second Treatise of Government

This comparative essay focuses specifically on the works of John Locke and Jean-Jacques Rousseau. By examining The Social Contract and the Second Treatise of Government, one can draw many parallels with today’s world. Despite this, it is clear that the views presented by Rousseau in the Second Treatise of Government can be perceived as archaic when compared to Locke’s writings on the social contract. Locke consistently provides arguments that are reflective of successful Westernized societies; whereas Rousseau’s arguments are reflective of a more primitive socialism, specifically in his arguments concerning natural liberty, private rights, and governmental legitimacy. Due to this, it would be fair to state that the social contract is more relevant in the context of modern Western society.

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Successful Social Movements

This comparative study first provides a new definition of the term “social movements.” It defines them as sustained challenges to power holders by a subject population living under the jurisdiction of these power holders by means of public displays of such population’s worthiness, unity, numbers, and commitment. These movements are conducted with meticulous organization and planning and often have predetermined goals. Through an analysis of the African-American Civil Rights Movement in the United States and the Women’s Suffrage Movement in the United Kingdom, it becomes evident that major social movements require two integral mechanisms to become successful, a society that is susceptible to change and mass mobilization.

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Justifying Civil Disobedience

When a law is broken in order to enact political change, a debate arises based on the justification of the crime committed. The merits of the crime can often yield positive ends, therefore, arguing the rationalization for such actions is justifiable. Though many expect civil disobedience to yield several undesirable consequences—including illegitimate justification of actions, creating mass doubt in the legal system, and more—these negative arguments fail to consider the positive implications of acts of proper civil disobedience. For this reason, this essay will assert the following: civil disobedience is morally greater than other criminal acts because it can be fundamentally differentiated from ordinary crimes and it can create revolutionary change, ultimately making it justifiable.

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